Fertile Eggs | Birds
Temperature For Incubation
As a general rule, most parrot eggs are best incubated between 37.2°C and 37.5°C and at a humidity of approximately 56%.
There are 2 methods of hand raising baby birds. The first is right from the egg, the second is rearing them from 2 or 3 weeks of age. A bird egg that has been incubated and raised by humans from the moment of hatching does not receive any of the good bacteria from the parent birds, which effects the birds ability to fight disease/bacteria. We have found hand raising baby birds right from the egg do not reach the maximum size of a bird that has had a chance to receive the good bacteria from the parental bird.
We recommend hand raising your bird from 2 or 3 weeks of age especially for beginners. Please note: If the bird is too old they can still be quite wild and difficult to hand raise this is why birds are hand raised from a certain age.
Do not place a baby bird that has not fledged into a bird cage this happens more often due to the amount of birds these days sold online to people who have no idea!
All the time people see our parrot’s walking around at Birdsville and then they see a container with some baby parrot’s Huddled in a container and ask are they ok?, isn’t that cruel having those birds in a box when the others are all walking around?. The fact is, all parrots in the wild naturally start life inside a cramped musty log hollow and that is how they like it. Why? Unlike chickens and ducklings that hatch with eye’s open and are able to walk almost immediately, parrots, dove’s and finch’s are all altricial which means they hatch with the eyes closed with little or no down and take a long time to develop. These birds to not usually leave the nest until they are almost the same size as the parent birds. So it is natural for them to just huddle in the corner just waiting for the day they will begin to venture outside the nest box or for a hand raised bird, the brooder or container they are kept in.
Substrate – A good friend of mine from another Bird shop who has been hand raising birds longer than I’ve been alive, taught me the most valuable thing I ever learnt when hand raising baby parrot’s and that was to place them in chick starter. This surprised me but makes perfect sense. I had used towels but this caused problems with there legs and feet which is a potential hazard, tissues which had a similar problem because when a young birds legs splay they are very difficult to fix. Saw dust is an answer to this problem but has a different and real hazard that the young birds can eat the shaving’s and this can make them sick. Till this day the only substrate I would recommend placing in the bottom of the box when hand raising is either chick starter or turkey crumble. If they eat this it not only doesn’t harm them but it helps with the weaning process and they just receive a little extra protein.
Brooder’s are ideal if you plan on hand raising many parrot’s but is reasonably expensive to purchase and not necessary for someone who is only raising a clutch or one baby. Any plastic container is fine or even a card board box try not to place them in anything glass as this can be a bit cold.
An ambient temperature of 30 to 35 degree Celsius for day old chicks and reduce temperature by 1 or 2 degrees a day. For heat use heat coils, heat pads or even a heat lamp. I’ve had great success just using your average light globe but be very very careful not to over heat the babies or let anything catch on fire. If you see the babies panting reduce the heat immediately.
What to Feed Baby Birds
There are many different hand rearing formulas commercially available some better suited to one species and others.
For fruit eating parrots such as Eclectus, Amazon’s, Green Cheek Conure’s, Caique’s, Macaw’s I have had great success using Petslife Handfeeding Formula
Rule Number One
When giving hand raising formula make sure it contains probotics. This is due to the hand rearing formulas passing through the crop faster than food fed to baby birds by parental birds, which they can lose some of the good bacteria and this just keeps your birds strong from the inside out. Many formula’s that contain probotic supplements are available or can be purchase separately.
Some people have used home made diets to feed baby birds these should be critically assessed for the nutritional value and suitability for young birds as this can effect the development of the bird and long term health and immune system.
- Always feed them warm formula but be careful not to burn the baby birds crop as it will die. Do not microwave food this can create hot pockets in the formula.
- Only mix enough food for one feed at a time.
- Never feed a bird with feed still in the crop as this will cause the old food to curdle and will probably kill the baby bird if there is food in the crop (which is the sac under the birds head) wait until it is completely empty.
- Do not fill the crop until it is bulging and very full as this can stretch the crop.
- Always mix food according to manufacturers directions.
- Hygiene is essential always disinfect all feeding instruments and dishes.
- Feed baby birds using a syringe, crop needle or a specialised spoon.
- Always be gentle if using a crop needle
When feeding with a syringe or spoon, only feed when the bird is begging, which is when the bird’s head is bobbing up and down.
Guide for Feeding intervals
The older the bird is the longer they can go without needing to be fed. This is a rough guide for most parrots but this may vary depending on species.
- 1-7 days old will need hourly feeds 24 hours a day
- 7-14 days old will need a feed every 2 hours with around a 5 hour break at night
- 14-21 days old feed every 3 to 4 hours with a 6 hour break at night
- 21-28 days old feed every 4 to 5 hours a day with a 7 hour break at night
- 28 to 42 days feed every 5 to 6 hours
- by week 8 every 8 hours
- when your bird is starting to eat fruit seed and pellets just feed morning and night and only stop when your bird no longer wants to eat hand rearing formula as some birds take longer to wean than others.
Signs of Illness when Hand Raising Baby Birds
If your inexperienced with birds always weight and examine your bird. Baby and young birds are very susceptible to bacterial infections.
Sign of illness include, but not limited too:
- Lethargic not willing to feed
- Not gaining weight or putting weight on
- Skin changes to red or white
- Skin more wrongly than normal – this is dehydration
- Change in droppings
- Crop emptying slowly